What is Neuroplasticity?


Neuroplasticity is the brain's amazing capacity to change and adapt. It refers to the physiological changes in the brain that happen as the result of our interactions with our environment. From the time the brain begins to develop in utero until the day we die, the connections among the cells in our brains reorganize in response to our changing needs. This dynamic process allows us to learn from and adapt to different experiences.



If we do not engage certain parts of our brain, those neural circuits become inactive starts to deteriorate.


Correct training of the brain can enhance the functioning of that area and your performance.


The training must be specific to the task you want to improve, in order stimulate the required neural circuitry and facilitate neuroplastic changes.


You must do a significant number of repetitions to see improvements. These changes are more likely to be maintained over time.


There needs to be a sufficient level of challenge to the task you are training in order for neuroplasticity to occur.


The sooner rehabilitation occurs after a neurological injury, the better the opportunity for recovery via neuroplasticity. Having said that neuroplasticity can still occur long after an injury.


The training provided must be meaningful and relevant to the client. The training needs to occur in an environment where the client can be focused and mentally focused and immersed in the task they are doing for neuroplasticity to occur. The more they can take away from the session the better the neuroplasticity. 


Neuroplasticity can be induced in people of all ages and conditions. But occurs more readily in younger brains.


Movement and skills learnt in therapy must be transferred to real world activities as soon as appropriate.


If the neurological condition to left untreated, functional reorganisation in the brain and compensatory behaviours are seen. Sometimes for neuroplasticity to occur, unwanted movements need to be unlearnt.